After the Agreement

Every household in Northern Ireland received a copy of the Agreement. In a referendum on 22 May 1998, over 71 percent of the electorate voted in support of the Agreement. There was an 82 percent turnout of voters. The Democratic Unionist Party (at that time, the second largest unionist party) had not taken part in the talks and was opposed to the Agreement.

The Republic of Ireland also held a referendum on the same day. The Irish Government agreed in negotiations that, subject to the support of the people, Ireland would change Articles 2 and 3 of its constitution to reflect the principle of consent. Over 94 percent of the electorate voted yes (56 percent turnout), showing support for the Agreement. As a result, the Irish Constitution was changed and now recognises that Northern Ireland will remain in the UK for as long as the majority wishes.

The first elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly took place on 25 June 1998.